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Monday, December 31, 2012

Sudan Bombings Kill More Nuba Christians Around Christmas
Several children dead after aerial attacks

By Jeremy Reynalds
Senior Correspondent for ASSIST News Service

JUBA, SOUTH SUDAN (ANS) -- Non-Arab Christians in Sudan's Nuba Mountains said they feel forgotten after Sudanese air forces killed at least 11 of the faithful in bombings before and after Christmas, according to area sources.

Some of the thousands of Nuba Mountain civilians who have taken refuge from government bombing in caves.
(Diocese of El Obeid photo).
 

According to a story by Morning Star News, following bombings of non-Arab civilians in Christian villages in Sudan's South Kordofan state from Dec. 18 to Dec. 26, the ethnic Nuba Christians are praying for a change of government in Khartoum. That’s according to a church leader from the state who recently visited Juba.

“We are surprised why the international community is so silent about the killing in South Kordofan,” said the church leader, who requested anonymity.

Morning Star News reported the source said that on Dec. 26, Sudan's Russian-made Antonov airplanes dropped nine bombs in Al Dar village in Buram County, killing two Christian women - 70-year-old Kuku Tia and 45-year-old Aisha Tutu Tolodi.

The same attack struck a different Christian village, Um Serdiba in Buram County, where two Christian children were killed instantly, he said. They were identified as Rehab Adam Alfol, 8, and her 4-year-old sister, Najaha Adam Alfol.

Morning Star News said according to online news portal Nuba Reports, at 12:30 a.m. the same day Sudan dropped 12 bombs on Kauda town, wounding pastor Ayube Ibrahim and killing three cows.

Nuba Reports said that four churches in Kauda usually celebrate Christmas for three days starting Dec. 25.

Nuba Reports is run by aid worker Ryan Boyette, who remained in South Kordofan after his Christian humanitarian organization was forced to evacuate when military conflict escalated last year,

The church leader who spoke to Morning Star News said area contacts reported that in Um Serdiba village on Dec. 23, a Sudanese bomb killed Sholi Jalbor, a Christian civilian whose house was reduced to ashes in the attack.

Morning Star News said sources confirmed to the church leader that on Dec. 18, five people from one family were killed when an Antonov airplane dropped a bomb in Eire village that landed on a Christian family's home, killing five.

They identified the dead as 4-year-old girl Intisar Mubarak Sabil, 4-year-old boy Ramadan Mubarak, 7-year-old Nadia Ibrahim and 60-year-old Fatima Naway. Nuba Reports identified the fifth victim as 9-month-old Gamu Ibrahim.

Another family member, Regina Ibrahim, was wounded in the attack, according to the church leader.

Morning Star News said on Christmas Day afternoon, according to Nuba Reports, an Antonov airplane dropped 10 bombs on the villages of Mendi and Kalkutta. No casualties were reported.

Since South Sudan split from Sudan in a referendum last year, ethnic Nuba peoples in Sudan's South Kordofan state believe the government's goal of quashing Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) rebels is also meant to rid the area of non-Arab peoples and Christianity.

Morning Star News said since military conflict began in June 2011, the Sudanese military has bombed Nuba churches, schools and farms. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch most civilian deaths took place where there was no evident military target or rebel soldier, according to an August New York Review of Books article.

Thousands of civilians have reportedly taken refuge in Nuba Mountain caves. Morning Star News said the Nuba people have longstanding complaints against Khartoum - including neglect, oppression and forced conversions to Islam in a 1990s jihad. However, as Sudanese citizens on the northern side of the border, they were never given the option of secession in the 2005 peace pact between northern and southern Sudan.

The SPLA-N rebels in the Nuba Mountains were formerly involved with the southern Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) forces fighting Khartoum before the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).

The SPLA's political arm, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), now governs South Sudan, and a border conflict has kept the two Sudans on the verge of another full-scale war since June 2011.

Morning Star News said the growing rebel movement in the Nuba Mountains has sparked tensions, and Sudan reportedly bombed civilians in the South Sudan state of North Bahr El Ghazal on Nov. 20-22, killing seven.

Morning Star News said fighting between Sudan and South Sudan broke out in June 2011, when Khartoum forcefully attempted to disarm the SPLA-N in South Kordofan by force rather than awaiting a process of disarmament as called for in the CPA. When the CPA was signed in 2005, the people of South Kordofan were to vote on whether to join the north or the south, but the state governor suspended the process.

The disputed election of Ahmed Haroun as state governor, whom many in South Kordofan consider a Khartoum appointment, helped trigger military conflict in 2011.

Morning Star News reported sources say Nuba Mountain Christians increasingly feel they are being driven into South Sudan, especially as Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has said post-secession Sudan will stick more closely to Islam and Arabic culture.

Morning Star News said Sudan air forces are also targeting farms and animals, and Christian leaders in war-devastated South Kordofan are raising concerns to their counterparts around the world to pray for an end to the war.

For more information about Morning Star News go to http://morningstarnews.org

 


Jeremy Reynalds is Senior Correspondent for the ASSIST News Service, a freelance writer and also the founder and CEO of Joy Junction, New Mexico's largest emergency homeless shelter, http://www.joyjunction.org He has a master's degree in communication from the University of New Mexico, and a Ph.D. in intercultural education from Biola University in Los Angeles. His newest book is "Homeless in the City."


Additional details on "Homeless in the City" are available at http://www.homelessinthecity.com. Reynalds lives in Albuquerque, New Mexico. For more information contact: Jeremy Reynalds at jeremyreynalds@comcast.net.

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