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Friday, July 7, 2006

Superman As Super Savior
A quiz...

By David Buckna
Special to ASSIST News Service

CANADA (ANS) -- "Superman is the Jesus Christ of superheroes. -- Bryan Singer (director, Superman Returns) in Wizard Magazine (2005)

On June 28th, 2006 Superman Returns opened in North American theaters. Test your knowledge of some of the incredible parallels between Superman and Jesus in this 30 question quiz. [Caution: contains some spoilers from the film.]

1. On what planet was Superman born?

2. What name was Superman given by father Jor-El and mother Lara?

3. Whose idea was it to put the "S" insignia on Superman's chest?

4. What was the first comic featuring Superman to include a scene with a Christian clergyman?

5. When were the words, "Look, up in the sky! It's a bird! It's a plane! It's Superman!" first heard by the public?

6. In the letters section of Superboy No. 102 (January 1963), what did editor Mort Weisinger say Superboy had completely memorized?

7. What does Superman say as he leads in prayer at the 1969 funeral of Larry Lance?

8. In Superman: The Movie (1978), Jor-El (Marlon Brando) tells his infant son: "All that I have, all that I've learned, everything I feel, all this and more I bequeath you, my son. You'll carry me inside you all the days of your life. You'll make my strength your own. See my life through your eyes, as your life will be seen through mine. The son becomes the father and the father, the son."

In what gospel does Jesus say: "I and my Father are one"--Mark, Luke or John?

9. Superman has heat vision. What New Testament book mentions that the eyes of the returning Christ "are like blazing fire"--Acts, Hebrews, or Revelation?

10. Who directed Superman: The Movie (1978) and most of Superman II (1980)?

11. In Superman: The Movie (1978), how old was Superman when he left the Fortress of Solitude to begin his earthly mission?

12. Superman's costume consists of the three primary colors. Name them.

13. In Superman: The Movie (1978), after Superman saves a community from a raging flood, he finds Lois Lane trapped underground in her car, dead. How does Superman resurrect her?

14. What Canadian wrote The Man From Krypton: The Gospel According to Superman (1978)?

15. "The Death of Superman" was featured in Superman No. 75 (January 1993). The story continues with the emergence of four individuals--three claiming to be the 'new Superman' [Reign of the Supermen!]--sharing characteristics with the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.

Which of the four places Superman's body in the "healing baths" of an egg-shaped energy pod?

16. In what Metropolis building were Lois and Clark married in 1996?

17. According to Superman chronicler Elliot S! Maggin, comic book writer Mark Millar, and Superman artist Curt Swan, what Christian denomination is Superman affiliated with?

18. What 1999 four-issue limited series did religion columnist Terry Mattingly cite wherein "a young Clark Kent turns to his pastor [Pastor Linquist] for help as he struggles to discern what to do with his life and unique abilities"? (

19. Who revealed in the book, The Making of Superman/Superman II (2000), that the movies were deliberately given a Christ-like subtext?

20. In the two-part premiere of TV's Smallville (2001), Clark (Tom Welling) is reminded: "You were tied to a stake in the middle of a field. Even the Romans saved that for special occasions." Who said it?

21. In Smallville's second season, who made a guest appearance as Dr. Virgil Swan, a scientist who tells Clark of his Kryptonian origins?

22. In the Smallville episode ["Resurrection"] what does Clark learn about his blood?

23. In the 2004 story arc Superman: For Tomorrow [Superman 209 to 215] who does Superman visit for confession and counsel?

24. He comments in Movie Magic [Life Story: Superman Returns, 2006]:"They did such a great job modernizing the suit, that I always think of it as stately and graceful and 'kingly.' I mean, Superman is a king, the last son of Krypton, and you feel like that--especially with the cape." Name the actor.

25. When Larry King mentioned (June 23/06) that some are comparing Superman to Jesus, one guest joked: "What that means is that God would be Marlon Brando." Name the guest.

26. Who plays Martha Kent in Superman Returns?

27. In Superman Returns, this Daily Planet reporter wins a Pulitzer Prize for her essay, "Why the World Doesn't Need Superman". Name her.

28. According to Bryan Singer, what's the greatest thing about Superman?

29. In Superman Returns, who stabs Superman in the side?

30. At the conclusion of Superman Returns, Superman assures Lois: "I'm always around." At the conclusion of what gospel does Jesus assure his disciples, "And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."--Matthew, Mark or Luke?


1. Krypton. Stephen Skelton writes in The Gospel According to the World's Greatest Superhero (  "Krypton--or its derivative forms--is a word used in the Greek New Testament to describe the kingdom of heaven as 'hidden.' At one point, the kingdom is compared to yeast hidden ('krypton') in the dough. [Matthew 13:33] And a few verses later, the kingdom is like treasure hidden ('krypton') in a field.[Matthew 13:44] This second reference resonates strongly with the Superman origin imagery. When the infant Kal-El lands in the Kansas cornfield, he is then literally a treasure hidden in a field--a physical representation of the figurative description of the kingdom of heaven. To underscore the significance of this parallel, recall the kingdom of heaven began when Jesus entered the world."

2. Kal-El. In Hebrew, el is both a root and affix. As a root, it's the masculine singular for God (eg., El-Shaddai means "God Almighty"). As an affix, el most often translates as "of God" (eg. Dani-el, "God is my judge," and Ezeki-el, "God strengthens"). Kal, meaning "easy," can be translated "swift." Thus, Kal-El suggests "God's swiftness."

"They can be a great people, Kal-El--they wish to be. They only lack the light to show the way. For this reason above all, their capacity for good, I've sent them you--my only son." --Jor-El

3. Co-creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. Shuster recalls: "From the beginning we wanted to somehow use the first letter of the character's name. We thought S was perfect. After we came up with it, we kiddingly said, 'Well, it's the first letter of Siegel and Shuster.'"

The Shield of Superman

"Superman Returns" director Byran Singer: "It's an icon that surpasses probably any comic icon and most icons that exist in popular culture. I guarantee you take the cross and the "S" into the jungle and you will have 50/50 recognition."

Shuster cites his inspiration for the frame surrounding the "S": "Initially I made it like a shield, a fancy little triangle with curves at the top. I had a heraldic crest in the back of my mind."

'Shield of David'

Skelton writes: "One of the most prominent triangular representations of God is the star of David (in Hebrew, magen Dawid, literally, 'shield of David'). This symbol features two interlocking triangles, one pointed up, the position of man pointing up toward God, and the other pointed down, the position of God pointing down toward man. This second position, of God pointing down toward man, is the position of the triangle in the shield of Superman."!mda.gif

Scholar Robert Styer observes: "Although everyone agrees that physical symbols cannot hope to encompass truths as deep as the Trinity, the human mind seems to seek immanent representations of transcendent truth....From the early centuries of the church, variations of a triangle have symbolized the Trinity."

According to Siegel, Superman's great strength was based on "Samson, Hercules...all the strong men I had ever heard of rolled up into one, only more so."

4. Action Comics No. 1 (June 1938), page 4. The clergyman appears in one panel in a prison scene where Superman has managed to get the governor to stop the execution of an innocent woman. To view panel: (

5. February 12, 1940, on The Adventures of Superman radio series (1940-1950). One of the distinctive things about radio actor Bud Collyer was the different tone of voice he used as Clark Kent and then as Superman. "This is a job... FOR SUPERMAN!"

The documentary Look, Up in the Sky!: The Amazing Story of Superman (2006) chronicles the history of Superman over the past 70 years. The two-disc special edition DVD also includes Bryan Singer's video journals.

Acts 1:10-11: "They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 'Men of Galilee,' they said, 'why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.'"

6. Both Testaments of the Bible, the Constitution of the United States, Webster's Dictionary "and--last but not least--the Smallville telephone directory!"

From Elliot S! Maggin's novel, Superman: Last Son of Krypton (1978): "The Kents decided early that, at least for a while, they were going to screen his influences very carefully...(Martha) put the Bible and lots of Horatio Alger on his reading list...By the time Clark Kent was old enough to start the first grade, he...could have discoursed with Descartes and Locke. In an apparent contradiction of his own condition, he held Hobbes and Nietzsche and their ideas of the natural superiority of certain members of society in contempt. Martha Kent appreciated the influence of her reading list, but she suggested that he substitute simple rejection for the contempt."

7. "Into thy hands we commend his spirit!" See comic book panel at (  Larry Lance was the husband of Dinah Lance, the Black Canary. Larry was killed while trying to save Dinah from an attack by the star-creature Aquarius.

"Jesus called out with a loud voice, 'Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.' When he had said this, he breathed his last." (Luke 23:46)

Note: The Superman who prays is the Superman of Earth-Two (Golden Age); the Superman in the audience is the Superman of Earth-One (Silver Age).

8. John (10:30), where Jesus continues: "Believe the miracles, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father."

The Superman: The Movie Special Edition DVD (2001) doubles Brando's screen time with added scenes on Krypton and in the Fortress of Solitude.

9. Revelation (1:14)

10. Richard Donner, who said: "People often asked me, 'Where did you find him?' [Christopher Reeve] I said, 'I didn't find him. God gave him to me.'"

Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut (DVD, November 2006) (  includes never-before seen footage featuring Marlon Brando, Christopher Reeve and the rest of the Superman II cast. The project is being supervised by Richard Donner, Tom Mankiewicz, and Michael Thau, and will contain less than 25% of the footage filmed by replacement director Richard Lester.

11. Thirty. Clark enters the Fortress of Solitude at 18 and moves to Metropolis 12 years later, making him the same age Jesus was when he began his public ministry (Luke 3:23).

In the movie, when Lois asks Superman how old he is, he replies: "Over 21." In the screen test on the DVD, he says, "30."

12. Yellow, blue and red--most of the colors worn by the Hebrew Levite priests. The ephod (priestly coat) was of linen interwoven with gold, blue, purple and scarlet (red) thread, worn over a long blue robe. (Exodus 28:5)

Stephen Skelton writes: "Inventive storytelling aside, Superman's suit has proven appealing due to the uses of color and symbol incorporated into the uniform....Blue, yellow, and red are the primary colors. They cannot be formed by any combination of other colors; instead, all other colors are derived from them. They are a virtual Trinity of the color set, and their meanings in the Bible are noteworthy....Given these three delineations in biblical color symbolism, if blue means faith, yellow means hope, and red means love, then we find on Superman a tricolor uniform the apostle Paul would approve of: 'These three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.'"

In the Our Worlds at War storyline (2001), so many died in an interplanetary war, Superman replaced the yellow background of his "S" with black in mourning. He returned to yellow at the end of 2002.

13. When Superman finds Lois dead, he reverses time by repeatedly circling the Earth counter to its rotation.

Stephen Skelton writes: "Incredibly, the rotation of the Earth slows, then stops, then begins to go backward. Time follows suit. We see the disastrous events happening in reverse. A landslide rolls uphill. A flood flows upstream. A cracked dam reseals. Lois's car rises out of the ground."

"Above the Earth, Superman returns the world to its proper rotation. Moments later, when he touches down next to her, Lois is sitting in her stalled car, alive and well, though a little perturbed at Superman for not getting there sooner."

Among others, Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead (John 10:43-44).

14. John Wesley White, a Billy Graham associate. His chapters include: Super Doer, Super Supplier, and Super Savior.

15. The Eradicator, a Kryptonian computer-being. Stephen Skelton writes: "One day, suddenly, the egg overloads and explodes. Superman slowly stirs to life--though weak, without his full powers. To return to Metropolis, he climbs inside a two-story Kryptonian war suit, wherein he is suspended in a fetal position in a 'nutrient-rich womb,' as Scott Beatty calls it. Conspicuously, instead of flying, the suit travels under the water across the ocean floor. Finally, upon reaching Metropolis, he is expelled from the suit in explicit birthing imagery: the war suit opens a hatch between its legs, the liquid pours out, and Superman drops down onto the ground."

16. Metropolis Chapel of United Faiths.

Superman: The Wedding Album No. 1 (1996) doesn't name it, but Superman: The Wedding & Beyond (1997), includes the name in the wedding announcement on the back cover.

Lois and Clark are married by Chaplain Herbert Fine, who resembles Superman creator Jerry Siegel, whose early pen name was Herbert Fine.

Chaplain Fine: "Dearly beloved, we have assembled this day in the presence of God to witness and bless the joining together of Lois Lane and Clark Kent in holy matrimony. The union of these two people in heart, body and mind is intended by their Creator for their mutual joy, for the help and comfort given one another in both prosperity and adversity. Marriage, therefore, is not to be entered into unadvisedly or lightly, but reverently and deliberately."

Chaplain Fine is an old friend of Lois' family and christened her.

17. Methodist. From (  "Elliot S! Maggin, an observant Jew who is one of Superman's most popular and influential contemporary chroniclers, stated in a 1998 interview (  that Clark Kent and the entire family are Methodists. Although possibly not "canonical" (i.e., officially established within the DC Universe), this notion has widespread support; many writers and fans believe this denominational affiliation best captures and explains the character as he has been portrayed over the years. For example, popular comic book writer Mark Millar (Superman Adventures; Superman: Red Son) has written that Superman is a Methodist. Curt Swan, one of the best-known and most influential Superman artists, was raised Presbyterian but also attended Methodist churches while growing up."

18. Superman For All Seasons. The series won the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards for Favorite Limited Series and Favorite Story for 1999.

19. Creative consultant Tom Mankiewicz: "It's a motif I had done at the beginning when Brando sent Chris to Earth and said, 'I send them my only son.' It was God sending Christ to Earth."

In White's book, Mankiewicz comments: "What we are giving people is the Christian message: that we should be honest, love one another, and be for the underdog."

20. Lex Luthor (Michael Rosenbaum). Luthor debuted in 1940's Action Comics No. 23 as a red-haired criminal scientist. In 1941, an artist was shown this issue in order to draw Luthor and mistakenly drew his bald assistant. Luthor was bald from that point on.

In the Smallville premiere, a group of teens abduct the Kryptonite-weakened Clark, strip him, tie him to a stake and cross-beam, and spray-paint a red "S" on his chest. This echoes Matthew 27:35: "When they (Roman soldiers) had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots."

From the documentary Look, Up in the Sky!: "To advertise the new series the WB devised a bold marketing strategy that showed their 24-year-old star stripped to the waist and tied to a post. The startling image suggested more than a passing similarity between Clark Kent and a crucified Jesus Christ."

Co-creator and executive producer Alfred Gough remarked: "He's a Christ-like figure. Guess what, you see him three times. You see him, you know, at birth; once when he is in his teenage years; and then when he suddenly appears at 30, ready to take on his mantle and save the world. So I mean, it's all, it's all through there. We definitely heightened it [laughs] but when we saw that campaign, we were shocked. We thought, 'They're gonna crucify us for this' but it was really compelling and people remember that campaign."

David Nutter, who directed the Smallville premiere: "I thought there were a lot of metaphors between Clark and Jesus actually. And I tried to throw in as many of them as I could."

21. Christopher Reeve. In the episode Swan tells Clark: "It [Kryptonian writing] says, 'This is Kal-El of Krypton, our infant son, our last hope. Please protect him and deliver him from evil.'"

Jesus: "And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil." (Matthew 6:13)

22. his blood can bring people back to life.

Clark: I think Lionel Luther has found a way to use my blood to bring people back to life. If my blood can save lives, maybe I should come forward. What if there's something inside of me that can repair Dad's heart, permanently?

Jonathan: Clark, your mother and I both know that you are going to save a lot of lives in this world. Even more than you have any idea.

In Smallville: The Complete Third Season, the DVD chapter menu containing this discussion between Clark and his father bears the title, "Power in the Blood", a not-so subtle reference to the hymn, "There Is Power in the Blood".

Romans 3:25:"God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood."

23. Father Daniel Leone, the Catholic priest at Sacred Heart Church in Metropolis. Images at (

Father Leone: Wait. Why did it [The Vanishing] happen? [The Vanishing was an event in which one million people, including Superman's wife, Lois, suddenly disappeared from Earth]

Superman: You're asking, where was I?

Father Leone: Are you sure you can't read minds?

Superman: I was a million miles away...chasing my holy trinity. Three words..." me." [Superman's "holy trinity" is helping people in need, symbolized by the three words: "Superman, save me."]


Father Leone: But...You can't blame yourself. You asked me to hear your--

Superman: I asked you to listen. I regret I wasn't here when the Vanishing happened. I might have been able to prevent it. Might. But after...what happened. After what I did...My sin? Was to save the world.

From ( :"By saying that his sin was to 'save the world,' Superman was referring to what he did after the Vanishing....When Superman tried to confiscate the machine [that caused the Vanishing] Equus rebelled against the dictator's orders and tried to both kill the dictator and prevent Superman from taking the machine. Equus threw the dictator, and while Superman was catching the man, Equus triggered the device, causing 300,000 more people to vanish. Superman's guilt about his part in this is apparently the main reason he went to Father Leone to confess."

24. Brandon Routh (Superman). Routh (  put on 20 pounds of muscle for the role.

John writes in Revelation 19:16: "On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS."

Raised a Methodist, Routh is the third of four children born to Katie, a teacher, and Ron, a carpenter. His parents attend Norwalk United Methodist Church in Norwalk, Iowa.

From (  "Elliot S! Maggin, an observant Jew who is one of Superman's most popular and influential contemporary chroniclers, stated in a 1998 interview that Clark Kent and the entire family are Methodists. Although possibly not "canonical" (i.e., officially established within the DC Universe), this notion has widespread support; many writers and fans believe this denominational affiliation best captures and explains the character as he has been portrayed over the years. For example, popular comic book writer Mark Millar (Superman Adventures; Superman: Red Son) has written that Superman is a Methodist. Curt Swan, one of the best-known and most influential Superman artists, was raised Presbyterian but also attended Methodist churches while growing up (see:

Routh told Movie Magic: "In the '50's, Superman was America. 'Truth, Justice and the American Way.' For me, it's not about that. I mean, it's Truth, Justice...but it's not the American Way." When Routh was asked: "So you're saying that the perception of Superman is something that shouldn't be limited to America?", he replied: "How can it be? How can we be so simple-minded to say that it's just about America now? Superman came to save the world, not just America. For me, that's what it is, and in this film, that's what it's about."

John 3:17: "For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him."

25. Kevin Spacey (Lex Luthor).

From CNN's Larry King Live (June 23/06):

Larry King: There are some who are also comparing--this may be a stretch--Superman to Jesus. (Spacey laughs)

Larry King: Someone told me today.

Brandon Routh: Right.

Larry King: You know, you can see Superman, he comes, he's not mortal, he's not born of a, I mean, you know, he's got, his father's the big man up there. (King points up)

Kevin Spacey: What that means is that God would be Marlon Brando. (Routh

Larry King: And he also was! (Spacey laughs)

Bryan Singer: He [Jor-El] says, in the first movie he says, 'I send them you, my only son.' I mean, you know, we grow up in a Judeo-Christian culture here in the United States and these concepts, I mean, even in the origin of Superman it was always the family that send their--it was sort of the story of Moses, and the family send their child down the river to--or in this case from Krypton to Earth--to fulfill a greater destiny. Here we deal a little more with saviors, redemption, resurrection. Yeah, so these themes are not remotely lost to me.

26. Eva Marie Saint. Jeffrey Weiss writes at  "The movie starts with Superman returning to Earth after five years in space. When he slams into the old Smallville farm, his adopted Earth mom rushes out to him. He collapses in her arms in a pose evoking Renaissance images of the dead Jesus in Mary's arms." ('s_Pieta)

Ma Kent's original name was Mary. John T. Galloway Jr.'s The Gospel According to Superman (1973) reproduces a comic panel copyrighted 1939 in which Pa (Jonathan) Kent turns to Ma Kent and calls her Mary. See also: Les Daniels' 1998 book, Superman: The Complete History.

Up until 1992, Pa Kent's middle name was Joseph. See: Scott Beatty's book Superman: The Ultimate Guide to the Man of Steel (2002). However, in the 92-93 Death of Superman comic book storyline, Ma calls Pa "Jonathan David Kent".

Both Mary and Joseph were descended from King David. From ( "Both Matthew 1 and Luke 3 contain genealogies of Jesus. But there is one problem. They are different. Luke's Genealogy starts at Adam and goes to David. Matthew's Genealogy starts at Abraham and goes to David. When the genealogies arrive at David, they split with David's sons: Nathan (Mary's side) and Solomon (Joseph's side). There is no discrepancy because one genealogy is for Mary and the other is for Joseph. It was customary to mention the genealogy through the father even though it was clearly known that it was through Mary." Joseph was the "legal father" of Jesus, not the "natural father".

27. Lois Lane (Kate Bosworth).

Lois (to Superman): "The world doesn't need a savior. And neither do I."

Superman (to Lois): "You wrote that the world doesn't need a savior. But everyday I hear people crying for one."

"And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world." (1 John 4:14)

At  David DiCerto suggests that Lois wrote Why the World Doesn't Need Superman "to show just how over him she is. But her thesis proves shortsighted as Superman's return rekindles old feelings; not to mention arch-nemesis Lex Luthor (Kevin Spacey) is once again plotting mass destruction."

28. Singer: "But, the greatest thing about him is that he has the power to do anything physically on earth. He just chooses not to do it."

Brandon Routh as Superman in Warner Bros. Superman Returns.
Jules Feiffer writes in The Great Comic Book Heroes:" The fellow with the eyeglasses ... was a sacrificial disguise, an act of discreet martyrdom."

When asked, "Why not, do you think?", Singer replied: "Because I think it's his heritage. I think he's learned restraint....And so, he can do all these incredible things. He's a superhero, and he likes it. He likes the fact that he can rescue falling airplanes, and he can show off. He's got the pride. He can score any touchdown in high school. He can do anything. And now, he has to learn restraint so that he can have that semblance of human existence, so he can live, and then that's Clark Kent. If it wasn't for Clark Kent, he'd just fly around all the time. He'd be limitless. But he allows himself to be Clark Kent. And that way, he can have this semblance of humanity."

Philippians 2:6-8 "Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death--even death on a cross!"

29. Lex Luthor. Jeffrey Weiss writes at  "Luthor stabs Superman in the side with a shard of Kryptonite, an image that evokes the fate of Jesus on the cross."

John 19:33-37:"But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: 'Not one of his bones will be broken,'[Psalm 34:20] and, as another scripture says, 'They will look on the one they have pierced.'"[Zechariah 12:10]

Weiss continues: "But the hero recovers and plunges into the fiery bowels of Earth--which look hellish enough for any brimstone preacher."

Jesus says in Matthew 12:40:"For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."

Weiss continues: "He rises, carrying an entire evil continent, the creation of Luthor, which would otherwise destroy much of the world. Superman takes on this burden of 'sin' even though he knows the effort may kill him. And when he succeeds in his work of salvation, he falls to Earth, arms outstretched in a classic crucifix pose."

30. Matthew (28:20b)

For further reference:

Copyright 2006 by David Buckna. THE POP GOSPEL. All rights reserved. Used by permission. Buckna reads email at (

Freelancer David Buckna produces -- THE POP GOSPEL -- a column that communicates Judeo-Christian truth to the postmodern culture using a Q & A format. Since December 2002, THE POP GOSPEL has been an occasional feature in the Calgary Herald (Calgary, Alberta, Canada). Questions are gleaned from movies, television, music, literature, current events and other aspects of pop culture: Star Trek, Rock Music, Harry Potter, Calvin & Hobbes, SpongeBob SquarePants, The Matrix, Art Masterpieces, Classic TV, Christmas, The 10 Deadly Sins, Dr. Seuss, Survivor, The Wizard of Oz, Johnny Cash, The Passion of the Christ, The Simpsons, and many others. Buckna's previous quizzes for ANS are found at (  (
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